Surgery is used to remove all or part of an endocrine gland that is either over-functioning, has grown to cause compressive symptoms or thought to be a cancer. Endocrine glands secrete hormones that have their effects far from the site of hormone secretion. Endocrine surgery refers to these phenomena occurring in the thyroid or parathyroid glands in the neck, adrenal glands just below the diaphragm or the Pituitary gland, GI tract, testicles or ovaries. Most of these problems are due to a gland being overactive and this alteration in hormone function can have effects on multiple systems and so affect surgery. For this reason it is best to choose a surgeon that is a specialist in the endocrine system rather than one that specialises in the anatomical area the gland is situated in. Consultant Endocrine surgeon Mr Kirkby-Bott can offer expert knowledge and advice on all these areas.